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Latest & greatest articles for ibuprofen
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Ibuprofen Plus Acetaminophen Versus Ibuprofen Alone for Acute Low Back Pain: An Emergency Department-based Randomized Study Patients with low back pain (LBP) are often treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs are modestly effective for LBP, but many patients with LBP continue to suffer despite treatment with these medications. We compared pain and functional outcomes 1 week after emergency department (ED) discharge among patients randomized to a 1-week course (...) of ibuprofen plus acetaminophen versus ibuprofen plus placebo.This was a randomized, double-blind study conducted in two urban EDs. Patients presenting with acute, nontraumatic, nonradicular LBP of no more than 2 weeks' duration were eligible for enrollment immediately prior to discharge from an ED if they had a score > 5 on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), a 24-item validated instrument, indicating more than minimal functional impairment. All patients were given a standardized 10-minute
Should Ibuprofen be Used for COVID-19? MOH-ACE COVID-19 RAPID REVIEW 21 March 2020 Page 1 of 2 Clinical evidence Recommendations from professional bodies Background Should ibuprofen be used for COVID-19? This write-up summarises a rapid evidence review of NSAIDs, particularly ibuprofen, to manage symptoms of patients with COVID-19. The information may be revised as new evidence emerges. A news article titled “COVID-19: ibuprofen should not be used for managing symptoms, say doctors (...) and scientists” was published in BMJ on 17 Mar 2020. 1 It claims that anti-inflammatory drugs (eg. ibuprofen, cortisone) could aggravate infection in patients with suspected COVID-19 and paracetamol should be used in these patients; however different views were expressed. No clinical trials were identified assessing the safety of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in managing symptoms of COVID-19. Instead, there are studies on the potential mechanisms of inflammatory responses and some proposes
A randomized, placebo- and active-controlled, multi-country, multi-center parallel group trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a fixed-dose combination of 400 mg ibuprofen and 100 mg caffeine compared with ibuprofen 400 mg and placebo in patients w Ibuprofen is a well-established analgesic for acute pain symptoms. In several acute pain models, caffeine has demonstrated an analgesic adjuvant effect. This randomized trial (NCT03003000) was designed to compare the efficacy of a fixed-dose (...) combination of ibuprofen and caffeine with ibuprofen or placebo for the treatment of acute lower back/neck pain.Patients with acute lower back/neck pain resulting in pain on movement (POM) ≥5 on a 10-point numerical rating scale were randomized 2:2:1 to receive orally, three times daily for 6 days, 400 mg ibuprofen+100 mg caffeine, 400 mg ibuprofen or placebo, respectively. The primary endpoint was change in POMWP (POM triggering highest pain score at baseline [worst procedure]) between baseline
Comparison of Oral Ibuprofen at Three Single-Dose Regimens for Treating Acute Pain in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Controlled Trial Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used extensively for the management of acute pain, with ibuprofen being one of the most frequently used oral analgesics in the emergency department (ED). We compare the analgesic efficacy of oral ibuprofen at 3 different doses for adult ED patients with acute pain.This was a randomized, double-blind trial (...) comparing analgesic efficacy of 3 doses of oral ibuprofen (400, 600, and 800 mg) in adult ED patients with acute painful conditions. Primary outcome included difference in pain scores between the 3 groups at 60 minutes.We enrolled 225 subjects (75 per group). The difference in mean pain scores at 60 minutes between the 400- and 600-mg groups was -0.14 (95% confidence interval [CI] -0.67 to 0.39); between the 400- and 800-mg groups, 0.14 (95% CI -0.65 to 0.37); and between the 600- and 800-mg groups
Ibuprofen for the prevention of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm and/or low birth weight infants. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) complicates the clinical course of preterm infants and increases the risk of adverse outcomes. Indomethacin has been the standard treatment to close a PDA but is associated with renal, gastrointestinal, and cerebral side effects. Ibuprofen has less effect on blood flow velocity to important organs.Primary objectivesTo determine the effectiveness and safety (...) of ibuprofen compared to placebo/no intervention, or other cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor drugs in the prevention of PDA in preterm infants.We used the standard search strategy of Cochrane Neonatal to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2018, Issue 10), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 17 October 2018), Embase (1980 to 17 October 2018), and CINAHL; 1982 to 17 October 2018). We searched clinical trials databases, conference proceedings, and the reference lists of retrieved articles
An integrated safety analysis of combined acetaminophen and ibuprofen (Maxigesic ((R)) /Combogesic((R))) in adults Acetaminophen (APAP) and ibuprofen (IBP) are two analgesic compounds with a long history of use. Both are considered safe at recommended over-the-counter daily doses. Chronic use, high doses, or concomitant medication can produce safety risks for both drugs. APAP is associated with increased risk of hepatic injury, while IBP can produce gastric bleeding and thromboembolic events
Effect of Combination of Paracetamol (Acetaminophen) and Ibuprofen vs Either Alone on Patient-Controlled Morphine Consumption in the First 24 Hours After Total Hip Arthroplasty: The PANSAID Randomized Clinical Trial. Multimodal postoperative analgesia is widely used but lacks evidence of benefit.Investigate beneficial and harmful effects of 4 nonopioid analgesics regimens.Randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled, 4-group trial in 6 Danish hospitals with 90-day follow-up that included 556 (...) patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) from December 2015 to October 2017. Final date of follow-up was January 1, 2018.Participants were randomized to receive paracetamol (acetaminophen) 1000 mg plus ibuprofen 400 mg (n = 136; PCM + IBU), paracetamol 1000 mg plus matched placebo (n = 142; PCM), ibuprofen 400 mg plus matched placebo (n = 141; IBU), or half-strength paracetamol 500 mg plus ibuprofen 200 mg (n = 140; HS-PCM + IBU) orally every 6 hours for 24 hours postoperatively, starting 1
Altitude Sickness Prevention with Ibuprofen Relative to Acetazolamide Acute mountain sickness is a common occurrence for travel to high altitudes. Although previous studies of ibuprofen have shown efficacy for the prevention of acute mountain sickness, recommendations have been limited, as ibuprofen has not been compared directly with acetazolamide until this study.Before their ascent to 3810 m on White Mountain in California, adult volunteers were randomized to ibuprofen (600 mg, 3 times daily (...) , started 4 hours before the ascent), or to acetazolamide (125 mg, twice daily, started the night before the ascent). The main outcome measure was acute mountain sickness incidence, using the Lake Louise Questionnaire (LLQ), with a score of >3 with headache. Sleep quality and headache severity were measured with the Groningen Sleep Quality Survey (GSQS). This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03154645 RESULTS: Ninety-two participants completed the study: 45 (49%) on ibuprofen and 47 (51
Ibuprofen Top results for ibuprofen - Trip Database or use your Google+ account Liberating the literature ALL of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document ANY of these words: Title only Anywhere in the document This EXACT phrase: Title only Anywhere in the document EXCLUDING words: Title only Anywhere in the document Timeframe: to: Combine searches by placing the search numbers in the top search box and pressing the search button. An example search might look like (#1 or #2) and (#3 (...) or #4) Loading history... Population: Intervention: Comparison: Outcome: Population: Intervention: Latest & greatest articles for ibuprofen The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence
Ibuprofen versus pivmecillinam for uncomplicated urinary tract infection in women-A double-blind, randomized non-inferiority trial Although uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) are often self-limiting, most patients will be prescribed antibiotic treatment. We assessed whether treatment with ibuprofen was non-inferior to pivmecillinam in achieving symptomatic resolution by day 4, with a non-inferiority margin of 10%.This was a randomized, controlled, double-blind non-inferiority trial (...) . We recruited patients from 16 sites in a general practice setting in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. Non-pregnant women aged 18-60 years presenting with symptoms of uncomplicated UTI were screened for eligibility from 11 April 2013 to 22 April 2016. Patients with informed consent were randomized (1:1 ratio) to treatment with either 600 mg ibuprofen or 200 mg pivmecillinam 3 times a day for 3 days. The patient, treating physician, and study personnel were blinded to treatment allocation. The primary
Effect of ibuprofen vs acetaminophen on postpartum hypertension in preeclampsia with severe features: a double-masked, randomized controlled trial Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug use has been shown to increase blood pressure in nonpregnant adults. Because of this, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists suggests avoiding their use in women with postpartum hypertension; however, evidence to support this recommendation is lacking.Our goal was to test the hypothesis (...) that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, adversely affect postpartum blood pressure control in women with preeclampsia with severe features.At delivery, we randomized women with preeclampsia with severe features to receive around-the-clock oral dosing with either 600 mg of ibuprofen or 650 mg of acetaminophen every 6 hours. Dosing began within 6 hours after delivery and continued until discharge, with opioid analgesics available as needed for breakthrough pain. Study drugs were encapsulated
Ibuprofen Abuseâ€”A Case ofÂ Rhabdomyolysis, Hypokalemia, andÂ Hypophosphatemia With Drug-Induced Mixed Renal Tubular Acidosis 30197993 2019 02 26 2468-0249 3 5 2018 Sep Kidney international reports Kidney Int Rep Ibuprofen Abuse-A Case of Rhabdomyolysis, Hypokalemia, and Hypophosphatemia With Drug-Induced Mixed Renal Tubular Acidosis. 1237-1238 10.1016/j.ekir.2018.05.014 Patil Shakuntala S Department of Nephrology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA
Effect of Ibuprofen on BrainAGE: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Response ExploratoryÂ Study. The age of a person's brain can be estimated from structural brain images using an aggregate measure of variation in morphology across the whole brain. The brain age gap estimation (BrainAGE) score is computed as the difference between kernel-estimated brain age and chronological age. In this exploratory study, we investigated the application of the BrainAGE measure to identify potential novel (...) effects of pharmacological agents on brain morphology.Twenty healthy participants (23-47 years of age) completed three structural magnetic resonance imaging scans 45 minutes after administration of placebo or 200 or 600 mg of ibuprofen in a double-blind, crossover study. An externally derived BrainAGE model from a sample of 480 healthy participants was used to examine the acute effect of ibuprofen on temporary neuroanatomical changes in healthy individuals.The BrainAGE model produced age prediction
Oral morphine versus ibuprofen administered at home for postoperative orthopedic pain in children: a randomized controlled trial Oral morphine for postoperative pain after minor pediatric surgery, while increasingly popular, is not supported by evidence. We evaluated whether oral morphine was superior to ibuprofen for at-home management of children's postoperative pain.We conducted a randomized superiority trial comparing oral morphine (0.5 mg/kg) with ibuprofen (10 mg/kg) in children 5 to 17 (...) and ibuprofen groups. Both interventions decreased pain scores with no difference in efficacy. The median difference in pain score before and after the first dose of medication was 1 (interquartile range 0-1) for both morphine and ibuprofen (p = 0.2). For doses 2 to 8, the median differences in pain score before and after the dose were not significantly different between groups. Significantly more participants taking morphine reported adverse effects (45/65 [69%] v. 26/67 [39%], p < 0.001), most commonly
Pain relief of sore throat with a new anti-inflammatory throat lozenge, ibuprofen 25 mg: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, international phase III study The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of a new oromucosal ibuprofen form, ibuprofen 25 mg lozenge, in single and repeat dosing for up to 4 days, to the matched placebo, in the treatment of acute sore throat pain in adults.In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, adult patients with non (...) -streptococcal sore throat and signs of moderate-to-severe associated pain (≥5 on the objective Tonsillo-Pharyngitis Assessment 21-point scale and ≥60 mm on the subjective 0-100 mm visual analogue Sore Throat Pain Intensity Scale [STPIS]) were assigned ibuprofen 25 mg (n=194) or matching placebo (n=191) lozenge treatment. Efficacy was assessed (at the investigating centre up to 2 hours after first dosing, then on an ambulatory basis) by parameters derived from patient's scores on scales of pain relief, pain
Combination Therapy of Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen Is the Most Effective Treatment for Patients with Post-Endodontic Pain UTCAT3197, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Combination Therapy of Acetaminophen and Ibuprofen Is the Most Effective Treatment for Patients with Post-Endodontic Pain Clinical Question In patients with post-operative endodontic pain, does the combination of non-steroidal anti (...) -inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with acetaminophen provide more pain relief than individual NSAIDs or acetaminophen or placebo? Clinical Bottom Line For patients with post-operative endodontic pain, post-operative combination therapy of ibuprofen and acetaminophen provides more pain relief than acetaminophen alone or placebo. Acetaminophen alone did not provide more post-operative endodontic pain relief than placebo, suggesting that acetaminophen should only be used in combination with other NSAIDs for post
The effectiveness of ibuprofen and lorazepam combination therapy in treating the symptoms of acute Migraine: A randomized clinical trial Migraine is a common, episodic and debilitating disease. The migraineur not only suffers from pain, but also lives with a diminished to poor quality of life. Several medicinal therapies are used to abate the debilitating symptoms of this disease.The present study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of Ibuprofen and Lorazepam combination therapy (...) randomly divided into three groups of 30. The first group was administered 200 mg Ibuprofen capsules, the second group 400 mg Ibuprofen capsules and the third group a combination of 200 mg Ibuprofen capsules and 1 mg Lorazepam tablets. The medications were taken in the presence of the researcher. A checklist was used to assess the severity of headache and other migraine symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, photophobia and phonophobia in the patients, before and two hours after the intervention. Data were