Latest & greatest articles for physical therapy

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Top results for physical therapy

1. Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

have ex- perienced a concussive event for mental health, cognitive impairment, and other potential coinciding diagnoses and refer for additional evaluation and services as indicated. F For patients not deemed appropriate for a comprehen- sive physical therapy examination (ie, those who present with severe mental health concerns or health conditions that re- quire medical clearance prior to comprehensive physical exam- ination), physical therapists should provide education regarding concussion (...) , of the practice of physical therapists • Provide information for payers and claims reviewers re- garding the practice of physical therapy for common neu- rologic and musculoskeletal conditions • Create a reference publication for physical therapy clini- cians, academic instructors, clinical instructors, students, interns, residents, and fellows regarding the best current practice of physical therapy STATEMENT OF INTENT This CPG is not intended to be construed or to serve as a standard of medical care

2020 The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), Inc.

2. Effectiveness of physical therapy treatment in addition to usual podiatry management of plantar heel pain: a randomized clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

mutually set by the patient and provider as indicated in the participant’s medical record or completed at least 4 visits with a physical therapist if assigned to the usual podiatric care plus physical therapy treatment (uPOD+PT) group [–55]. Individuals that did not complete treatment were participants who failed to follow-up as planned. PHP, plantar heel pain; uPOD, usual podiatric care; FAAM, foot and ankle ability measure Fig. 2 5 Foot and ankle ability measure... Fig. 2 13 Foot and ankle ability (...) Effectiveness of physical therapy treatment in addition to usual podiatry management of plantar heel pain: a randomized clinical trial Effectiveness of Physical Therapy Treatment in Addition to Usual Podiatry Management of Plantar Heel Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed go to . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced

2020 EvidenceUpdates

3. Clinical recommendations to guide physical therapy practice for Huntington disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical recommendations to guide physical therapy practice for Huntington disease Clinical Recommendations to Guide Physical Therapy Practice for Huntington Disease - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed go to . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health U.S. National Library of Medicine (...) , The Ohio State University, Columbus; Program in Physical Therapy (A.K.R.), Department of Rehabilitative and Regenerative Medicine, G.H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University, New York, NY; Centre for Trials Research (M.B.), College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, United Kingdom; and Program in Physical Therapy (N.E.F.), Wayne State University, Detroit, MI. 2 From the Department of Biobehavioral Sciences (L.Q.), Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY; Physical Therapy

2020 EvidenceUpdates

4. Effect of a Multicomponent Home-Based Physical Therapy Intervention on Ambulation After Hip Fracture in Older Adults: The CAP Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of a Multicomponent Home-Based Physical Therapy Intervention on Ambulation After Hip Fracture in Older Adults: The CAP Randomized Clinical Trial. Disability persists after hip fracture in older persons. Current rehabilitation may not be sufficient to restore ability to walk in the community.To compare a multicomponent home-based physical therapy intervention (training) with an active control on ability to walk in the community.Parallel, 2-group randomized clinical trial conducted at 3 US (...) , control: 0), urinary tract infection (training: 2, control: 0), dehydration (training: 0, control: 2), and dyspnea (training: 0, control: 2).Among older adults with a hip fracture, a multicomponent home-based physical therapy intervention compared with an active control that included transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and active range-of-motion exercises did not result in a statistically significant improvement in the ability to walk 300 m or more in 6 minutes after 16

2019 JAMA

5. The dose of physical activity to minimise functional decline in older general medical patients receiving 24-hr acute care: A systematic scoping review Full Text available with Trip Pro

The dose of physical activity to minimise functional decline in older general medical patients receiving 24-hr acute care: A systematic scoping review To identify evidence for a recommended and feasible activity dose to minimise functional decline in older hospitalised general medical patients.Quality 24-hr care of older patients involves balancing activity to minimise functional decline, with rest to aid recovery. However, there is limited guidance regarding an optimal type and dose (...) were included. Study contexts were general medical wards (n = 11, 73.3%), Acute care of the elderly unit (n = 3, 20%) and a nursing unit (n = 1, 6.7%) located in tertiary referral acute hospitals. Most participants were aged 75-84 years (n = 10, 66%), had variable medical diagnoses and samples were either physically capable (n = 4, 26.7%) of limited physical capability (n = 1, 6.7%) or of mixed capability to mobilise independently (n = 10, 66.7%). Walking at least twice a day for approximately 20

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Physical Therapy on Postoperative Day Zero Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of 394 Patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physical Therapy on Postoperative Day Zero Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of 394 Patients Surgeons have increasingly emphasized early mobilization as a way to facilitate discharge following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether starting formal physical therapy (PT) the afternoon of postoperative day (POD) 0, instead of starting PT the morning of POD 1, could shorten hospital length of stay (LOS).Patients undergoing

2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. 2018 John N. Insall Award: Recovery of Knee Flexion With Unsupervised Home Exercise Is Not Inferior to Outpatient Physical Therapy After TKA: A Randomized Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 John N. Insall Award: Recovery of Knee Flexion With Unsupervised Home Exercise Is Not Inferior to Outpatient Physical Therapy After TKA: A Randomized Trial Concerns about the cost and convenience of postsurgical physical therapy (PT) have sparked interest in unsupervised, home-based rehabilitation. However, the effectiveness of unsupervised home exercise after primary TKA has not been previously evaluated.(1) Can unsupervised home exercise after surgery provide noninferior recovery

2019 EvidenceUpdates

8. Effectiveness of Later-Stage Exercise Programs vs Usual Medical Care on Physical Function and Activity After Total Knee Replacement: A Randomized Clinical Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

programs after TKR and to explore heterogeneity of treatment effects.Three-arm single-blind randomized clinical trial (January 7, 2015, to November 9, 2017) using an intent-to-treat approach with follow-ups at 3 months and 6 months. The setting was Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (an outpatient physical therapy clinic and 4 community centers). Participants had primary TKR performed more than 2 months previously, were 60 years or older, experienced moderate functional limitations, and were medically (...) Effectiveness of Later-Stage Exercise Programs vs Usual Medical Care on Physical Function and Activity After Total Knee Replacement: A Randomized Clinical Trial Several functional limitations persist after total knee replacement (TKR). Intensive exercise programs could resolve these limitations but are not well tolerated by many patients until a later stage (>2 months) after surgery. Evidence for exercise at a later stage after TKR is limited.To compare the effectiveness of later-stage exercise

2019 EvidenceUpdates

9. The comparative efficacy of theta burst stimulation or functional electrical stimulation when combined with physical therapy after stroke: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

The comparative efficacy of theta burst stimulation or functional electrical stimulation when combined with physical therapy after stroke: a randomized controlled trial To study the long-term effectiveness of Theta Burst Stimulation (TBS) or Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) combined with Physical therapy (PT) as compared to PT alone for improving arm functions in patients with acute stroke.Single blind randomized controlled trial.Outpatient clinics and inpatient wards at tertiary care (...) neurology center.Adult patients with acute middle cerebral artery territory ischemic stroke.60 patients were randomized into three groups of 20 each: TBS+PT; FES+PT; and PT alone. TBS group received intermittent TBS of ipsilesional hemisphere and continuous TBS of contralesional hemisphere while FES group received FES of paretic limb, both for four weeks. All groups received supervised physical therapy for four weeks followed by home physiotherapy for one year.Fugl Meyer Assessment upper limb score (FMA

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. General medicine: Erenumab is effective in reducing migraine frequency and improving physical functioning Full Text available with Trip Pro

General medicine: Erenumab is effective in reducing migraine frequency and improving physical functioning Erenumab is effective in reducing migraine frequency and improving physical functioning | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? Search for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts (...) OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Erenumab is effective in reducing migraine frequency and improving physical functioning Article Text Commentary General medicine Erenumab is effective in reducing migraine frequency and improving physical functioning Paolo Martelletti Statistics from Altmetric.com Commentary on : Goadsby PJ, Reuter U, Hallström YA, et al. A Controlled Trial of Erenumab for Episodic Migraine. N Engl J Med . 2017;377:2123

2019 Evidence-Based Medicine

11. Effect of Early Surgery vs Physical Therapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Early Surgery vs Physical Therapy on Knee Function Among Patients With Nonobstructive Meniscal Tears: The ESCAPE Randomized Clinical Trial. Despite recent studies suggesting arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM) is not more effective than physical therapy (PT), the procedure is still frequently performed in patients with meniscal tears.To assess whether PT is noninferior to APM for improving patient-reported knee function in patients with meniscal tears.Noninferiority, multicenter (...) to APM (n = 159) or a predefined PT protocol (n = 162). The PT protocol consisted of 16 sessions of exercise therapy over 8 weeks focused on coordination and closed kinetic chain strength exercises.The primary outcome was change in patient-reported knee function on the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form (range, 0 to 100; from worse to best) from baseline over a 24-month follow-up period. The noninferiority margin was defined as a difference between treatment groups of 8

2018 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

12. Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early Physical Therapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial (Abstract)

Effectiveness and Downstream Healthcare Utilization for Patients That Received Early Physical Therapy Versus Usual Care for Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial Randomized controlled trial.The aim of this study was to compare early physical therapy versus usual care in patients with low back pain.Early physical therapy (PT) has been associated with reduced downstream healthcare utilization in retrospective studies, but not investigated prospectively in the military health system.Military (...) service members seeking care from a general practitioner were recruited. Patients attended a 20-minute self-management class with focus on psychosocial resilience and then randomized to usual care only (UC) versus immediately starting a 3-week physical therapy program (PT). Primary outcome was the Oswestry Disability Index at 1 year. Secondary outcomes included Oswestry scores at 4- and 12-week follow-up, numeric pain rating scale, global rating of change, and healthcare utilization at 1 year

2018 EvidenceUpdates

13. Physical therapy

disability and pain. Objective: To determine whether yoga is noninferior to PT for cLBP. Design: 12-week, single-blind, 3-group randomized 2017 2. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Screening, Risk Modification and Physical Therapy to Prevent Falls among the Elderly Recently Discharged from the Emergency Department to the Community: the Steps to Avoid Falls in the Elderly Study. 28202383 2017 02 16 2017 04 11 1532-821X 2017 Feb 12 Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation Arch Phys Med Rehabil (...) and Hooked on Evidence databases were searched from 1994 to 2006 for full-text peer-reviewed studies published in English. Search terms were reported 2008 4. Early physical therapy /occupational therapy specific interventions for traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy / Spinal Cord Injury / Early Physical Therapy / BESt ### Copyright © 2014 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; all rights reserved. Page 1 of 8 Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

14. Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical and ultrasound remission after 6 months of treat-to-target therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis: associations to future good radiographic and physical outcomes To explore associations between remission, based on clinical and ultrasound definitions, and future good radiographic and physical outcome in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Newly diagnosed patients with RA followed a treat-to-target strategy incorporating ultrasound information in the Aiming for Remission in rheumatoid (...) were defined: no radiographic progression and good outcome (no radiographic progression+physical function≥general population median), both sustained 12-24 months. We calculated the ORs of these outcomes for the remission definitions.Of 103 patients, 42%-82% reached remission at 6 months, dependent on definition. Seventy-one per cent of patients had no radiographic progression and 37% had good outcome. An association between 6-month remission and no radiographic progression was observed for ACR

2018 EvidenceUpdates

15. Cost-effectiveness of internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy and physical exercise for depression Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cost-effectiveness of internet-based cognitive–behavioural therapy and physical exercise for depression Both internet-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (ICBT) and physical exercise are alternatives to treatment as usual (TAU) in managing mild to moderate depression in primary care.To determine the cost-effectiveness of ICBT and physical exercise compared with TAU in primary care.Economic evaluation of a randomised controlled trial (N = 945) in Sweden. Costs were estimated by a service use (...) questionnaire and used together with the effects on quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). The primary 3-month healthcare provider perspective in primary care was complemented by a 1-year societal perspective.The primary analysis showed that incremental cost per QALY gain was €8817 for ICBT and €14 571 for physical exercise compared with TAU. At the established willingness-to-pay threshold of €21 536 (£20 000) per QALY, the probability of ICBT being cost-effective is 90%, and for physical exercise is 76

2018 BJPsych open Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community‐dwelling physical therapy patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact of implementing a fall prevention educational session for community‐dwelling physical therapy patients The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a fall prevention educational session on fall risk knowledge, use of fall prevention interventions and the number of falls in community-dwelling older persons attending physical therapy.This pilot study used a mixed method design consisting of a quantitative pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design followed by a qualitative (...) and subsequent evaluation. An increase in fall risk knowledge (p = 0.031) and implementation of fall prevention techniques was noted. One fall was sustained 60 days after therapy discharge.

2018 Nursing open

17. Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ethics reporting practices in randomized controlled trials of physical therapy interventions after stroke Adequate reporting of ethics-related research methods promotes convergence on best ethics practices. In physical therapy, studies on ethics reporting are limited to few aspects, and none focuses on stroke research. Our objectives were to investigate the reporting of multiple ethics-related features and its variation over time, and the characteristics of the studies associated with ethics (...) reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) of physical therapy interventions after stroke.A random sample of RCTs published in the years 2004, 2009 and 2014, was extracted from the PubMed database, regardless of the publishing journal. For each trial we investigated year of publication, trial registration, sample size, stroke subtype, phase of the disease, setting, interventions and dosing, outcome measures, outcome of the study, PEDro score and 5-year impact factor of the publishing journal

2018 Archives of physiotherapy

18. Caregiver-Provided Physical Therapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Caregiver-Provided Physical Therapy Home Programs for Children with Motor Delay: A Scoping Review Caregiver-provided physical therapy home programs (PTHP) play an important role in enhancing motor outcomes in pediatric patient populations.This scoping review systematically mapped clinical trials of caregiver-provided PTHP that were aimed at enhancing motor outcomes in children who have or who are at risk for motor delay, with the purpose of (1) describing trial characteristics; (2) assessing

2018 EvidenceUpdates

19. Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal Physical Therapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial (Abstract)

Minimally Displaced, Isolated Radial Head and Neck Fractures Do Not Require Formal Physical Therapy: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial Nondisplaced and minimally displaced fractures of the radial head and neck are common injuries, yet the role of physical therapy (PT) in their treatment is unclear. The aim of this trial was to assess the need for formal PT following a simple fracture of the radial head or neck.Patients who had a nondisplaced or minimally displaced fracture of the radial

2018 EvidenceUpdates

20. Formal Physical Therapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial (Abstract)

Formal Physical Therapy May Not Be Necessary After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Clinical Trial The purpose of this randomized clinical trial was to compare formal outpatient physical therapy (PT) and unsupervised home exercises after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA).Fifty-two patients were randomized to 6 weeks of outpatient PT or an unsupervised home exercise program after UKA. The primary outcome was change in range of motion at 6 weeks with secondary outcomes

2018 EvidenceUpdates