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Latest & greatest articles for prednisone
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Cost-utility analysis of melphalan plus prednisone with or without interferon-alpha2b in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: results from a randomised controlled trial Cost-utility analysis of melphalan plus prednisone with or without interferon-alpha2b in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: results from a randomised controlled trial Cost-utility analysis of melphalan plus prednisone with or without interferon-alpha2b in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: results from a randomised controlled trial (...) Nord E, Wisloff F, Hjorth M, Westin J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Melphalan plus prednisone with interferon-Alpha2b (MP-IFN) in patients with newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma. Type of intervention Treatment
Multicentre prospective randomised trial of fludarabine versus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (CAP) for treatment of advanced-stage chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. The French Cooperative Group on CLL. Fludarabine seems to be a promising treatment for patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). We compared fludarabine therapy with the combination of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (CAP) for treatment of CLL in a randomised, multicentre prospective (...) trial.Patients older than 18 years of age were entered into the study if they presented with previously untreated B-cell lineage CLL (B-CLL) of Binet stages B or C or relapsed B-CLL pretreated with chorambucil or similar non-anthracycline-containing regimens. Patients were randomly assigned to either fludarabine (25 mg/m2 per day on days 1-5) or CAP (cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2 per day and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 per day on day 1, and prednisone 40 mg/m2 per day on days 1-5), both given for six courses.Of 196
Randomized, prospective trial of cyclosporine monotherapy versus azathioprine-prednisone from three months after renal transplantation Randomized, prospective trial of cyclosporine monotherapy versus azathioprine-prednisone from three months after renal transplantation Randomized, prospective trial of cyclosporine monotherapy versus azathioprine-prednisone from three months after renal transplantation Hilbrands L B, Hoitsma A J, Koene K A Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic (...) evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Using cyclosporine monotherapy (CsA) or a combination of azathioprine (Aza) and prednisone (Pred) in patients receiving CsA and Pred during the first 3 months after renal transplantation. Type of intervention Secondary prevention and treatment
Randomised trial of intravenous immunoglobulin G, intravenous anti-D, and oral prednisone in childhood acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura. The most serious complication of childhood acute immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), intracranial haemorrhage, occurs in about 1% of children with platelet counts below 20 x 10(9)/L. We conducted a randomised study to explore three treatment options in this high-risk group. 146 children (> 6 months and < 18 years old) with typical acute ITP (...) and platelet counts of 20 x 10(9)/L or lower were randomised to receive high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIgG) 1 g/kg on 2 consecutive days (n = 34), 0.8 g/kg once (n = 35), intravenous anti-D 25 micrograms/kg on 2 consecutive days (n = 38), or oral prednisone 4 mg/kg per day with tapering and discontinuation of prednisone by day 21 (n = 39). The rate of response as reflected by the number of days with platelet counts at 20 x 10(9)/L or lower and the time taken to achieve a platelet count 50 x 10(9
Randomized double-blind trial of prednisone versus radiotherapy in Graves' ophthalmopathy. Corticosteroids are usually given for management of Graves' ophthalmopathy, but they have many and serious side-effects. By comparison, retrobulbar irradiation is well tolerated, although its efficacy has been evaluated only in uncontrolled studies. Therefore, we did a double-blind randomised trial, in which 28 patients with moderately severe Graves' ophthalmopathy were treated with a 3-month course (...) of oral prednisone and sham irradiation, and 28 received retrobulbar irradiation (20 Gy) and placebo capsules. Therapeutic outcome, assessed twenty-four weeks after the start of treatment, was determined by the change in the highest NOSPECS class. A successful outcome was observed in 14 prednisone-treated and in 13 irradiated patients. Responders to treatment (but not nonresponders) in both groups showed improvements in total and subjective eye score and a decrease in eye-muscle volume. Response
1993LancetControlled trial quality: predicted high
Cyclosporine, methotrexate, and prednisone compared with cyclosporine and prednisone for prophylaxis of acute graft-versus-host disease. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation remains a serious problem. In a clinical trial, we tested the combination of cyclosporine and prednisone with and without methotrexate for the prevention of GVHD.One hundred fifty patients with either acute leukemia in first complete remission, chronic myelogenous leukemia (...) in first chronic phase, or lymphoblastic lymphoma in first complete remission were enrolled in the study. All the patients were given fractionated total-body irradiation (1320 cGy) and etoposide (60 mg per kilogram of body weight) in preparation for transplantation, and received bone marrow from genotypically histocompatible donors. To prevent GVHD, they were randomly assigned to prophylactic treatment with either cyclosporine, methotrexate, and prednisone or cyclosporine and prednisone without
Effect of a short course of prednisone in the prevention of early relapse after the emergency room treatment of acute asthma. Relapse after the treatment of acute asthma in the emergency room is common (occurring in 25 to 30 percent of cases) and is not accurately predicted by any available measurements. We studied the usefulness of prednisone in reducing this high rate of relapse.One hundred twenty-two patients treated in the emergency room for acute exacerbations of asthma were assigned (...) in a randomized, double-blind fashion to receive at discharge either prednisone for eight days (the dose being tapered from 40 to 0 mg per day) or matching placebo. Ninety-three were subsequently discharged from the emergency room and participated in the trial. On days 1, 7, and 14 after discharge, the patients were assessed during home visits with spirometry and diary-card review; they were contacted by telephone on day 21. Relapse was defined as an unscheduled medical visit occasioned by the patient's
Prevention of acute graft rejection by the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol in renal-transplant recipients treated with cyclosporine and prednisone. Prostaglandins of the E series have been shown to have immunosuppressive properties. To study the effects of the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol on renal function and graft rejection after transplantation, we conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 77 renal-allograft recipients. The subjects received misoprostol (...) (200 micrograms four times daily by mouth; n = 38) or placebo (n = 39) for the first 12 weeks after transplantation, in addition to standard immunosuppression with cyclosporine and prednisone. They were then observed for an additional four weeks after the drug or placebo was discontinued. Treatment with misoprostol was associated with a significant improvement in renal function as judged by the mean (+/- SEM) serum creatinine concentration (128 +/- 7 vs. 158 +/- 11 mumol per liter after 12 weeks; P
A randomized, controlled trial of interferon alfa-2b alone and after prednisone withdrawal for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B. The Hepatitis Interventional Therapy Group. Chronic hepatitis B is a common and often progressive liver disorder for which there is no accepted therapy. To assess the efficacy of treatment with interferon, we randomly assigned patients with chronic hepatitis B to one of the following regimens: prednisone for 6 weeks followed by 5 million units of recombinant (...) interferon alfa-2b daily for 16 weeks; placebo followed by 5 million units of interferon daily for 16 weeks; placebo followed by 1 million units of interferon daily for 16 weeks; or observation with no treatment.Hepatitis B e antigen and hepatitis B viral DNA disappeared from serum significantly more often in the patients given prednisone plus interferon (16 of 44 patients, or 36 percent) or 5 million units of interferon alone (15 of 41; 37 percent) than in the untreated controls (3 of 43; 7 percent; P
Randomized, double-blind six-month trial of prednisone in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. We performed a randomized, double-blind, controlled six-month trial of prednisone in 103 boys with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (age, 5 to 15 years). The patients were assigned to one of three regimens: prednisone, 0.75 mg per kilogram of body weight per day (n = 33); prednisone, 1.5 mg per kilogram per day (n = 34); or placebo (n = 36). The groups were initially comparable in all measures of muscle (...) function. Both prednisone groups had significant improvement of similar degree in the summary scores of muscle strength and function. Improvement began as early as one month and peaked by three months. At six months the high-dose prednisone group, as compared with the placebo group, had improvement in the time needed to rise from a supine to a standing position (3.4 vs. 6.2 seconds), to walk 9 m (7.0 vs. 9.7 seconds), and to climb four stairs (4.0 vs. 7.1 seconds), in lifting a weight (2.1 vs. 1.2 kg
A randomized controlled trial of prednisone in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy. We conducted a prospective randomized study in which patients with biopsy-confirmed idiopathic membranous nephropathy were assigned to receive either a six-month course of prednisone given on alternate days (45 mg per square meter of body-surface area; n = 81) or no specific treatment (n = 77). The mean duration of follow-up was 48 months. Patients in the prednisone group (median age, 46 years (...) ) entered with a mean disease duration of 15 months, a median creatinine clearance of 1.2 ml per second per 1.73 m2 (range, 0.25 to 2.6), and a median rate of urinary protein excretion of 6.8 g per day (0.3 to 26). The annual change in the corrected creatinine clearance at six months did not differ between the prednisone group and the control group (0.10 vs. 0.06 ml per second; P = 0.8), or at the last follow-up evaluation (-0.07 vs. -0.02 ml per second; P = 0.2; 95 percent confidence interval
A prospective, randomized, controlled trial of prednisone for dilated cardiomyopathy. Although prednisone has been used to treat patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, its efficacy has not been rigorously studied. We therefore randomly assigned 102 patients to either treatment with prednisone (60 mg per day) or a control group. At three months, improvement, defined prospectively as an increase in the ejection fraction of greater than or equal to 5 percentage points, was observed in 53 (...) percent of the patients receiving prednisone and 27 percent of the controls (P = 0.005). The mean (+/- SE) ejection fraction increased 4.3 +/- 1.5 percentage points (from 17.9 +/- 1.0 to 22.2 +/- 1.6 percent) in the prednisone group, as compared with 2.1 +/- 0.8 percentage points (from 17.1 +/- 1.1 to 19.3 +/- 1.4 percent) in the control group (P = 0.054). All patients were categorized prospectively in two separately randomized subgroups. "Reactive" patients (n = 60) were those who had fibroblastic (n
Prednisone and cyclosporine in the treatment of severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. It is uncertain what is the most appropriate medical therapy for patients with severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. Therefore, we carried out a single-blind, randomized clinical trial to compare the efficacy of prednisone with that of cyclosporine in 36 patients who had been euthyroid for at least two months. The two groups, each consisting of 18 patients, were similar in age, sex, and the duration and severity (...) of ophthalmopathy. The initial dose of cyclosporine was 7.5 mg per kilogram of body weight per day, and that of prednisone was 60 mg per day, which was subsequently tapered to 20 mg per day. During the 12-week treatment period, 11 prednisone-treated and 4 cyclosporine-treated patients responded to therapy (61 percent vs. 22 percent; P = 0.018); response was manifested by decreases in eye-muscle enlargement and proptosis and improved visual acuity and total and subjective eye scores. There were no differences
Short versus standard prednisone therapy for initial treatment of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children. Arbeitsgemeinschaft fÃ¼r PÃ¤diatrische Nephrologie. Two regimens of steroid treatment for the initial attack of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children were compared in a controlled multicentre study. Short-course prednisone therapy consisted of 60 mg/m2 per 24 h until proteinuria had disappeared for 3 days, followed by 40 mg/m2 per 48 h until complete remission had occurred (...) . The standard prednisone therapy was 60 mg/m2 per 24 h for 4 weeks, followed by 40 mg/m2 per 48 h for 4 weeks. 61 children with a first attack of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome were allocated at random to these groups. Urinary remission in the short-course group was achieved after 14 days of daily prednisone, and complete remission after an additional 16 days of alternate day prednisone. The cumulative rate of patients with sustained remissions after two years was significantly lower after the short course
Immunosuppression with azathioprine and prednisone in recent-onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We randomly assigned 46 patients (mean age, 11.7 years; range, 4.5 to 32.8) with newly diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus within two weeks of beginning insulin to receive either corticosteroids for 10 weeks plus daily azathioprine for one year or no immunosuppressive therapy. Half the 20 immunosuppressed patients completing the one-year trial had satisfactory metabolic outcomes (...) , and lymphopenia (less than 1800 lymphocytes per cubic millimeter) resulting from immunosuppression. The side effects of azathioprine included vomiting in one patient and mild hair loss in several others. Prednisone use resulted in a transient cushingoid appearance, weight gain, and hyperglycemia. The growth rate remained normal in all patients. We conclude that early immunosuppression with short-term use of corticosteroids plus daily azathioprine can improve metabolic control in some patients with insulin
Therapy of lupus nephritis. Controlled trial of prednisone and cytotoxic drugs. We evaluated renal function in 107 patients with active lupus nephritis who participated in long-term randomized therapeutic trials (median follow-up, seven years). For patients taking oral prednisone alone, the probability of renal failure began to increase substantially after five years of observation. Renal function was better preserved in patients who received various cytotoxic-drug therapies, but the difference (...) was statistically significant only for intravenous cyclophosphamide plus low-dose prednisone as compared with high-dose prednisone alone (P = 0.027). The advantage of treatment with intravenous cyclophosphamide over oral prednisone alone was particularly apparent in the high-risk subgroup of patients who had chronic histologic changes on renal biopsy at study entry. Patients treated with intravenous cyclophosphamide have not experienced hemorrhagic cystitis, cancer, or a disproportionate number of major
Alternate-day prednisone reduces morbidity and improves pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effects of alternate-day prednisone therapy on morbidity and progression of lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF). At baseline the patients (aged 1-12 years) had mild to moderate lung disease, and the prednisone group did not differ significantly from the placebo group for any values measured. After 4 years, the prednisone-treated group (...) had significant advantages over the placebo group for height, weight, vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 s, peak flow rate, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and serum IgG. The prednisone-treated group required 9 admissions to hospital for CF-related pulmonary disease compared with 35 for the placebo group. There were no steroid-induced side-effects. To rule out bias in case selection, 69 CF clinic patients comparable in age and clinical status but not included in the study were compared
Evidence for the superiority of immunosuppressive drugs and prednisone over prednisone alone in lupus nephritis. Results of a pooled analysis. In an effort to clarify the role of immunosuppressive drugs in the management of lupus nephritis, we pooled data from all published clinical trials in which patients had been randomly assigned to receive either prednisone alone or prednisone plus cyclophosphamide or azathioprine. The pooled analysis showed that patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs
A controlled study of short-term prednisone treatment in adults with membranous nephropathy. Collaborative Study of the Adult Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome. Seventy-two adults with the nephrotic syndrome without renal insufficiency had a membranous type of renal histology on biopsy. These patients were randomly allocated to at least eight weeks of alternate-day treatment with prednisone or placebo in a multicenter study. Deterioration of glomerular filtration rate was significantly more rapid (...) in placebo-treated than in prednisone-treated patients, and ultimately 10 of 38 given placebo but only one of 34 given prednisone were in renal failure (creatinine more than 5 mg per deciliter [440 mumol per liter]) or dead (P less than 0.02). In male patients and in those with nonselective initial proteinuria, there was a trend (not reaching statistical significance) toward more rapid deterioration of renal function. Age, admission blood pressure, serum creatinine, daily total protein excretion
Alternate-day versus intermittent prednisone in frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome. A report of "Arbetsgemeinschaft fÃ¼r PÃ¤diatrische Nephrologie". 23 children with frequently relapsing minimal-change nephrotic syndrome were treated with alternate-day prednisone (35 mg/m2/48 h) and 25 other patients were treated with intermittent prednisone (40 mg/m2 on three consecutive days out of seven) for six months. This was followed by six months without any maintenance steroid treatment except (...) when relapse required a short period of prednisone therapy until remission. The number of relapsers was significantly lower on alternate-day than on intermittent treatment. In the alternate-day group, the number of relapsers and the rate of relapse was significantly less before treatment withdrawal; in the intermittent group, only the number of relapsers was reduced. An alternate-day regiment is therefore preferable to the intermittent regimen in the interrupted steroid treatment of children