Latest & greatest articles for traumatic brain injury

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Top results for traumatic brain injury

1. Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guidelines CATHERINE C. QUATMAN-YATES, PT , DPT , PhD • AIRELLE HUNTER-GIORDANO, PT , DPT KATHY K. SHIMAMURA, PT , DPT , NCS, OCS, CSCS, FAAOMPT • ROB LANDEL, PT , DPT , FAPTA BARA A. ALSALAHEEN, PT , PhD • TIMOTHY A. HANKE, PT , PhD • KAREN L. McCULLOCH, PT , PhD, FAPTA Physical Therapy Evaluation and Treatment After Concussion/ Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Clinical Practice Guidelines (...) : International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health mTBI: mild traumatic brain injury PECARN: Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network RCT: randomized controlled trial VOMS: Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy® Downloaded from www.jospt.org at on April 14, 2020. For personal use only. No other uses without permission. Copyright © 2020 Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy®. All rights reserved.cpg6 | april 2020 | volume 50

2020 The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), Inc.

2. Association of clinically important traumatic brain injury and Glasgow Coma Scale scores in children with head injury

Association of clinically important traumatic brain injury and Glasgow Coma Scale scores in children with head injury Association of Clinically Important Traumatic Brain Injury and Glasgow Coma Scale Scores in Children With Head Injury - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed go to . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily (...) Create file Cancel Actions Cite Share Permalink Copy Page navigation Emerg Med J Actions . 2020 Mar;37(3):127-134. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2018-208154. Epub 2020 Feb 12. Association of Clinically Important Traumatic Brain Injury and Glasgow Coma Scale Scores in Children With Head Injury , , , , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Emergency Department, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia amit.kochar@sa.gov.au. 2 PREDICT, Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments

2020 EvidenceUpdates

3. Beta-Blocker Therapy in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Beta-Blocker Therapy in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial Beta-Blocker Therapy in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Welcome to the new PubMed. For legacy PubMed go to . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. National Institutes of Health U.S (...) Permalink Copy Page navigation World J Surg Actions . 2020 Jan 30. doi: 10.1007/s00268-020-05391-8. Online ahead of print. Beta-Blocker Therapy in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial , , , , , , , , , Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Department of Neurosurgery, Trauma Research Center, Shahid Rajaee (Emtiaz) Trauma Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. 2 Department of Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. 3 School

2020 EvidenceUpdates

4. Feasibility and Accuracy of Fast MRI Versus CT for Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children (Abstract)

Feasibility and Accuracy of Fast MRI Versus CT for Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children Computed tomography (CT) is commonly used for children when there is concern for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and is a significant source of ionizing radiation. Our objective was to determine the feasibility and accuracy of fast MRI (motion-tolerant MRI sequences performed without sedation) in young children.In this prospective cohort study, we attempted fast MRI in children <6 years old who had head CT (...) performed and were seen in the emergency department of a single, level 1 pediatric trauma center. Fast MRI sequences included 3T axial and sagittal T2 single-shot turbo spin echo, axial T1 turbo field echo, axial fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, axial gradient echo, and axial diffusion-weighted single-shot turbo spin echo planar imaging. Feasibility was assessed by completion rate and imaging time. Fast MRI accuracy was measured against CT findings of TBI, including skull fracture, intracranial

2019 EvidenceUpdates

5. Comparison of Effects of Manual and Mechanical Airway Clearance Techniques on Intracranial Pressure in Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury on a Ventilator: Randomized, Crossover Trial (Abstract)

Comparison of Effects of Manual and Mechanical Airway Clearance Techniques on Intracranial Pressure in Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury on a Ventilator: Randomized, Crossover Trial Physical therapist intervention can play a significant role in the prevention of mechanical and infectious complications in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who are mechanically ventilated.The objective of this study was to observe and compare the effects of manual and mechanical airway clearance (...) techniques on intracranial pressure (ICP) and hemodynamics in patients with severe TBI.The design was a prospective, randomized, crossover trial.The setting was a neurointensive care unit at a level 1 trauma center.Forty-six adult patients aged 18 to 75 years, of either sex, with severe TBI, receiving mechanical ventilatory support with continuous ICP monitoring, and undergoing regular airway clearance techniques participated in this study.Two techniques were performed by a single trained physical

2019 EvidenceUpdates

6. Can the important brain injury criteria predict neurosurgical intervention in mild traumatic brain injury? A validation study. (Abstract)

Can the important brain injury criteria predict neurosurgical intervention in mild traumatic brain injury? A validation study. There is variability in the management of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and abnormal findings on their initial head computed tomography (CT). The main objective of this study was to validate the value of the Important Brain Injury (IBI) criteria, introduced by the Canadian CT-Head Rule, in predicting

2019 EvidenceUpdates

7. Can S100B Serum Biomarker Testing Reduce Head Computed Tomography Scanning in Children With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Message S100B serum biomarker has high sensitivity and negative predictive value for detecting traumatic intracranial lesions in children with mild traumatic brain injury. However, how to incorporate this into existing risk-stratification tools is unclear, and reduced availability of the test currently limits its practical application in the emergency department (ED). Methods Data Sources The authors searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Scopus (...) . The 8 included studies comprised 601 children with mild traumatic brain injury who underwent serum S100B biomarker testing compared with head CT or clinical follow-up as the references standard. S100B levels for detecting traumatic intracranial lesions in children with mild traumatic brain injury had a pooled sensitivity of 100% (95% CI 98% to 100%) and negative predictive value of 100% (95% CI 99% to 100%), whereas the pooled specificity was 41% (95% CI 26% to 57%), with significant heterogeneity

2019 Annals of Emergency Medicine Systematic Review Snapshots

8. Systematic Review - Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders

Systematic Review - Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders 4 March 2019 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Health Services Research & Development Service Washington, DC 20420 Prepared by: Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Center Portland VA Medical Center Portland, OR Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, MS, Director (...) Relationship of Deployment-related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Depressive Disorders, Substance Use Disorders, Suicidal Ideation, and Anxiety Disorders: A Systematic Review Authors: Principal Investigator: Nancy Greer, PhD Timothy J. Wilt, MD, MPH Co-Investigators: Princess Ackland, PhD, MSPH Roderick MacDonald, MS Nina Sayer, PhD Michele Spoont, PhD Brent Taylor, PhD Research Assistants: Lauren McKenzie, MPH Christina Rosebush, MPH Evidence Synthesis Program 4 Relationship

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

9. Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia

Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Management Briefs eBrief-no150 -- Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Enter search terms Button to search HSRD ® Inside VA Budget and Performance Inside the News Room National Observances Special Events » » » » » Management Briefs eBrief-no150 -- Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Health Services Research & Development Management eBrief no. 150 » Issue 150 March 2019 The report is a product of the VA/HSR&D Evidence Synthesis Program. Evidence (...) Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common condition among both civilian and military populations. While some TBIs cause acute symptoms that resolve over several weeks or months, evidence accumulated over nearly three decades suggests that TBI may lead to chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia. More public awareness about TBI in active-duty service members as a risk factor for earlier onset of dementia and/or of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

2019 Veterans Affairs - R&D

10. Is traumatic brain injury preventable in amateur boxing competition?

. 1996;6(2):97-101. Ryan AJ. Intracranial injuries resulting from boxing. Clin Sports Med. 1998;17(1):155-168. doi:10.1016/S0278-5919(05)70070-3. Blennow K, Hardy J, Zetterberg H. The neuropathology and neurobiology of traumatic brain injury. Neuron. 2012;76(5):886-899. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2012.11.021. McCrory P, Feddermann-Demont N, Dvorak J, et al. What is the definition of sports-related concussion: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2017;51(11):877–887. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-097393. Baugh (...) Is traumatic brain injury preventable in amateur boxing competition? Is Traumatic Brain Injury Preventable in Amateur Boxing Competition? – Clinical Correlations Search Is Traumatic Brain Injury Preventable in Amateur Boxing Competition? January 18, 2019 5 min read By Kevin Rezzadeh Peer Reviewed Injuries associated with amateur . 1 While many of the superficial wounds and bone fractures can completely heal, brain damage secondary to boxing has also been well 2 Boxers are at risk for sequelae

2019 Clinical Correlations

11. Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia

Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia 4 February 2019 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Health Services Research & Development Service Washington, DC 20420 Prepared by: Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center Portland VA Health Care System Portland, OR Mark Helfand, MD, MPH, MS, Director Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia Authors: Kim Peterson, MS Stephanie Veazie, MPH Donald Bourne, MPH Johanna Anderson, MPH Evidence (...) , Veazie S, Bourne D, Anderson J. Evidence Brief: Traumatic Brain Injury and Dementia. VA ESP Project #09-199; 2019. Posted final reports are located on the ESP search page. This report is based on research conducted by the Evidence Synthesis Program (ESP) Center located at the Portland VA Health Care System, Portland, OR, funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development. The findings and conclusions in this document are those

2019 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

12. Assessment of traumatic brain injury, acute

include the following: Maas AI, Stocchetti N, Bullock R. Moderate and severe traumatic brain injury in adults. Lancet Neurol. 2008 Aug;7(8):728-41. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18635021?tool=bestpractice.com Cerebral oedema Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) Haemorrhage Seizures Ischaemia Infection. Epidemiology of TBI TBI is a substantial cause of morbidity and mortality, leading to more than 2 million accident and emergency department visits annually in the US, Coronado VG, McGuire LC (...) /pubmed/11356436?tool=bestpractice.com After traumatic brain injury, there is an inverse relationship between the GCS score and the incidence of positive findings on CT; in fact, the rate of intracranial injury (ICI) and need for neurosurgical intervention doubles when the GCS drops from 15 to 14. Smits M, Dippel DW, Steyerberg EW, et al. Predicting intracranial traumatic findings on computed tomography in patients with minor head injury: the CHIP prediction rule. Ann Intern Med. 2007;146(6):397-405

2018 BMJ Best Practice

13. Incidence of emergency department presentations for traumatic brain injury in Indigenous and non-Indigenous residents aged 15–64 over the 9-year period 2007–2015 in North Queensland, Australia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Incidence of emergency department presentations for traumatic brain injury in Indigenous and non-Indigenous residents aged 15–64 over the 9-year period 2007–2015 in North Queensland, Australia Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Previous studies have shown that males have a higher incidence than females, and Indigenous populations have a higher rate than non-Indigenous. To date, no study has compared the incidence rate of TBI between Indigenous and non

2018 Injury epidemiology

14. Effect of Early Sustained Prophylactic Hypothermia on Neurologic Outcomes Among Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: The POLAR Randomized Clinical Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

group and 111 (49.1%) in the normothermia group (risk difference, 0.4% [95% CI, -9.4% to 8.7%]; relative risk with hypothermia, 0.99 [95% CI, 0.82-1.19]; P = .94). In the hypothermia and normothermia groups, the rates of pneumonia were 55.0% vs 51.3%, respectively, and rates of increased intracranial bleeding were 18.1% vs 15.4%, respectively.Among patients with severe traumatic brain injury, early prophylactic hypothermia compared with normothermia did not improve neurologic outcomes at 6 months (...) Effect of Early Sustained Prophylactic Hypothermia on Neurologic Outcomes Among Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: The POLAR Randomized Clinical Trial. After severe traumatic brain injury, induction of prophylactic hypothermia has been suggested to be neuroprotective and improve long-term neurologic outcomes.To determine the effectiveness of early prophylactic hypothermia compared with normothermic management of patients after severe traumatic brain injury.The Prophylactic Hypothermia

2018 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline on the Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Among Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Guideline on the Diagnosis and Management of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Among Children Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, in children is a rapidly growing public health concern because epidemiologic data indicate a marked increase in the number of emergency department visits for mTBI over the past decade. However, no evidence-based clinical guidelines have been developed to date for diagnosing and managing pediatric mTBI in the United (...) States.To provide a guideline based on a previous systematic review of the literature to obtain and assess evidence toward developing clinical recommendations for health care professionals related to the diagnosis, prognosis, and management/treatment of pediatric mTBI.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Board of Scientific Counselors, a federal advisory committee, established the Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Guideline Workgroup

2018 EvidenceUpdates

16. The effects of vestibular rehabilitation on dizziness and balance problems in patients after traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial (Abstract)

The effects of vestibular rehabilitation on dizziness and balance problems in patients after traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial To investigate the effects of group-based vestibular rehabilitation in patients with traumatic brain injury.A single-blind randomized controlled trial.University Hospital (recruitment and baseline assessments) and Metropolitan University (experimental intervention).A total of 65 patients (45 women) with mild-to-moderate traumatic brain injury (mean (...) , 95% CI: 1.4-6.0). At the second follow-up, no significant between-group differences were found. No significant between-group differences in the other outcomes were found at the two follow-ups.The intervention appeared to speed up recovery for patients with dizziness and balance problems after traumatic brain injury. However, the benefits had dissipated two months after the end of the intervention.

2018 EvidenceUpdates

17. Association Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk of Suicide. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association Between Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk of Suicide. Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can have serious long-term consequences, including psychiatric disorders. However, few studies have assessed the association between TBI and risk of suicide.To examine the association between TBI and subsequent suicide.Retrospective cohort study using nationwide registers covering 7 418 391 individuals (≥10 years) living in Denmark (1980-2014) with 164 265 624 person-years' follow-up; 567 823 (7.6 (...) %) had a medical contact for TBI. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression adjusted for relevant covariates, including fractures not involving the skull, psychiatric diagnoses, and deliberate self-harm.Medical contacts for TBI recorded in the National Patient Register (1977-2014) as mild TBI (concussion), skull fracture without documented TBI, and severe TBI (head injuries with evidence of structural brain injury).Suicide recorded in the Danish Cause of Death register until December 31, 2014

2018 JAMA

18. Traumatic brain injury

intracranial pressure (ICP)] are [hypertonic sodium solutions better than mannitol] at [reducing morbidity and mortality]? Clinical Scenario A 54 year old female pedestrian has been hit by a bus. She is brought into the ED by ambulance. Her GCS is 13 on arrival and examination reveals an isolated head injury with a haematoma over the left occiput. CT confirms a right 2011 13. Elevation of the head during intensive care management in people with severe traumatic brain injury . BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain (...) brain injury Health Policy Advisory Committee on Technology Technology Brief Therapeutic hypothermia for intracranial hypertension following traumatic brain injury December 2016 © State of Queensland (Queensland Department of Health) 2016 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 3.0 Australia licence. In essence, you are free to copy and communicate the work in its current (...) Committee (HPC). AHMAC supports HealthPACT through funding. This Brief

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

19. Diagnostic Accuracy of the Veteran Affairs' Traumatic Brain Injury Screen (Abstract)

Diagnostic Accuracy of the Veteran Affairs' Traumatic Brain Injury Screen To comprehensively estimate the diagnostic accuracy and reliability of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Clinical Reminder Screen (TCRS).Cross-sectional, prospective, observational study using the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy criteria.Three VA Polytrauma Network Sites.Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom veterans (N=433).TCRS, Comprehensive TBI Evaluation

2018 EvidenceUpdates

20. Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls Full Text available with Trip Pro

Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls Unintentional falls cause a substantial proportion of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with building falls carrying particularly high risk for morbidity and mortality. The cohort of children sustaining building fall-related TBI has not been well-examined. We sought to characterize children hospitalized with building fall-related TBIs and evaluate if specific factors distinguished these children (...) by International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification, Ninth revision (ICD9-CM) diagnosis codes. Urban versus non-urban status was determined using PHIS-assigned Rural-Urban Commuting Area codes. Injury severity (i.e. Injury Severity Score (ISS) and head Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score) were calculated. Head AIS scores were dichotomized into minor/moderate (1-2) and serious/severe (3-6) for analysis. Frequencies, descriptive statistics, Chi-square analysis, and Mann-Whitney U analysis

2018 Injury epidemiology